6 TS flight on instruments

Good pilots should always think ahead of the plane.

You should always ask yourself what’s next. What’s the next thing you need to do after completing your current assignment?

Using 6 Ts will help you do that.

6 c:

  2. HOUR
  3. TWIST
  6. TRACK

You may not need to perform each of the individual tasks. It just depends on the procedure you are performing. Let’s look at them individually.

In this example let’s apply 6 Ts to the flight sample content. Think about each item and what’s next after that.

The cook

  • In what direction are you turning in the scheme of holding?

    • Standard or non-standard pattern: that is, turns right or left?


  • Unless ATC indicates otherwise, all input legs are one minute.

    • After crossing the level of fixation or rolling of the wings, start the timer for 1 minute of entry.

      • Be sure to adjust the output leg so that the input leg is 1 minute.

      • Depending on the wind, etc., you can have the output leg longer than 1 minute.


  • If this is VOR-based content, you may need to pervert the OBS to an entry or exit course.

    • Are you flying to a thief or away from him? If the input leg flies to the VOR, be sure to twist the OBS so that the indicator shows the “TO” indicator and selects the correct input course.


  • Do you need to adjust your power?

    • If your time does not match the input leg, you need to either apply power or reduce force. Remember you are allowed two trips around the template to get it right.


  • Do you need to talk to the ATC?

    • The ATC may ask you to report that you have overcome a fix or something similar. It really comes into play when you perform approaches or twists of procedures.


  • It’s pretty simple, but, oddly enough, a lot is forgotten about it.

    • Remember to follow the course, both incoming and outgoing.

When I fly through a sample, I ask myself about each of these things at each stage of the sample. I constantly go through each one and it keeps me in my game while staying focused and following good patterns.

When I approach one task that I don’t need to use, I just move on to the next. Remember, just be simple!

Using a 6 Ts flight on the instruments will make your life much easier if the next time you linger in hold mode or shoot, the instrument will come to a minimum in the IMC.

– Sean Hardin CFI / CFII

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