In this modern time, aviation was the most important mode of transport. It plays an important role in the economy – it creates jobs, allows businesses to expand to other countries and helps develop other industries, such as tourism. In addition, aviation unites people around the world and strengthens ties between cultures and countries.
This is such a useful invention for the whole world. But as unlikely as it may seem, about two centuries ago people thought that airplanes could not be reached by mankind. The Wright brothers proved them wrong.
On December 17, 1903, Wilbur and Orville Wright did the impossible. Covering 852 feet in 59 seconds, the Wright brothers made the first successful flight in history. This breakthrough has attracted the attention of governments and car enthusiasts around the world.
Over the next decade, aircraft technology continued to grow rapidly. At this time, engineers replaced the old engines with better ones. Pilots sought to reach greater altitudes by breaking the best records in aviation as they achieved higher speeds, greater altitudes and longer flights. For them, the sky is really the limit.
Planes in the First World War
When World War I broke out, aircraft were recognized as military equipment. This has caused an increase in demand for aircraft. However, the most significant development of aircraft was during this period when the engines were upgraded. The aircraft can then take off at 130 mph, doubling the speed of pre-war aircraft.
In 1914, the aircraft was first tested in combat. In the minds of many, aircraft mean bombs, air battles and surveillance. Moreover, when the war ended, the surplus of aircraft was so huge that construction companies stopped, and demand for these aircraft fell to zero.
Subsequently, the aircraft were used in military operations. In fact, they became the main tools of World War II, which gave rise to the term “fighter jets”. In 1937, the Germans were able to produce and test the very first jet in history. Because it did not work as originally intended by the Germans, it took them another five years to produce a decent aircraft – which was too late to change the outcome of World War II.
Birth of commercial airlines
This was in 1976, when the commercial airline was represented by France and the UK. The first commercial aircraft carried more than a hundred passengers at almost twice the speed of sound. This made the 3.5-hour flight London – New York, which is much shorter. However, the cost was too expensive for the flights then to be only for the rich and privileged.
In 1996-1998, Russian and American aerospace companies collaborated with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) as part of a research program aimed at developing a 2nd generation supersonic aircraft.
Today, aircraft flights are already available and can be used for leisure and corporate travel. Planes are everywhere and now people are taking them for granted. However, it is important to remember that this great invention was created by the courage of not so long ago predecessors to challenge the traditional beliefs of the people of the time.