The history of the summary of the paper plane – however, is enough

The other day I heard a very hilarious story about a man who wanted to do something special in his resume and the application he filled out. He was sitting in the lobby of the famous Silicon Valley company. He filled out the application with perfectly written printed letters from an expert. He then took his resume, which was printed on special woven parchment paper. He cautiously placed an application on his resume so that within an inch and a half of parchment paper would emerge from under the application. He then carefully brought them into the paper plane.

It was not a paper airplane, but an exact replica of the same paper airplane that recently won NASA, which took place in an aircraft hangar where the world record was broken – the longest flight time for a paper airplane. It used the same folds and exactly the same design. He then approached the back of the lobby, and it was to pass about 40 yards. He cautiously waited for the ventilation to rise right after someone had just entered, and the airflow was just perfect. He launched a paper plane. He flew flawlessly through the lobby, and surprisingly he landed perfectly on his desk right behind the reception desk.

The gentleman thought to himself, “I am, it was perfect.” He waved his hand and smiled a debonary smile. His wave was what you could expect from the English royal family during the parade. He went out the door, into the parking lot and got into a black BMW, which was completely detailed. He noticed that he was being watched from the second floor of the building, and he smiled and another magnificent royal wave. He cautiously drove out of the parking lot, stopping at all the stop signs on the way outside, and drove off.

Then something very interesting happened. Nobody called him back. He could not understand why he was not called, because the powers of computer scientists were impeccable. He spent three years at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), three years at Carnegie Melanie, where he received his master’s degree, and received his doctorate from Stanford in computer science. He had two patents, participated in the startup in which he participated, and was bought by the Defense Aerospace Company, where he stayed on board for another four years, and he could write code best of all, but he knew so much more.

And yet they never called; “why,” he thought, “the company must be discriminated against against me,” and then he realized what had happened; “the company discriminates against aerospace engineers.”

He then decided to go back and file a complaint with the personnel department for discrimination, and they reported that he was not an aerospace engineer, but he was a computer specialist. The human resources department told him they never received his resume, although he sent it by e-mail.

Apparently, the girl at the front counter in the lobby thought it was a joke. She threw away his perfectly designed paper airplane, along with an appendix and a summary of the built-in superstructure.

Whether it’s a lesson for all of you trying to get a job, not everyone has a sense of humor or can think outside the wind tunnel.


The truth about the safety of the aircraft – Is your fear of flight justified?

Are you a little worried about the flight? Not convinced that everything is so safe on airplanes? If so, you are not alone. Many people around the world are afraid to fly.

Many cowardly fliers are willing to quell fear and board a plane when they absolutely must, enduring the agony of nervous anxiety from takeoff to landing – and suffer from growing fear for days or weeks as the flight gets closer.

Others simply refuse to fly, regardless of personal cost. Whether it’s flying for business or for fun, a career at risk or a strained relationship with friends and family, perhaps the result is due to a lack of flight benefits. But no matter how you suffer for the land, it’s not enough to get to the plane.

Are you in one of these groups?

If you are afraid of flyers – be you in grainy-teeth-and-on-plane group, either no-no-way-no-how group – you may think you have many reasons to be afraid. After all, anytime an accident on a plane is reported in the news ahead and in the center. When that happens, you’re sure to hear about it, arousing the fear of flying even more.

Consider the first few years of this century. During this relatively short period of time, you scared the mind in flight, hearing the news of such cases:

  • In February 2009, flight 3407 Continental Connection crashed on the approach to Buffalo-Niagara International Airport in New York. 50 people died.
  • In August 2006, flight 5191 Comair crashed during takeoff from Blue Grass Airport in Kentucky. 49 people died.
  • In October 2004, flight 5966 of the corporate airline crashed on the approach to Kirksville Regional Airport in Missouri. 13 people died.
  • In January 2003, Flight 5481 Air Midwest crashed shortly after takeoff from Charlotte Douglas International Airport in North Carolina. 21 people died.
  • In November 2001, American Airlines flight 587 crashed shortly after takeoff from John F. Kennedy International Airport in New York City. 265 people died.

All of these incidents occurred in the United States, and of course additional accidents occurred in other parts of the world during this time period.

If you’re afraid of flying, you might think, “There, see? That’s right so I don’t want to get on a plane! “So if you avoid flying because you feel it’s not entirely safe, you’re absolutely right – you’re flying no “Completely” safe.

Well, and here are some other activities you want to avoid because they are equal more dangerous – statistically speaking – than the flight of the airline:

  • Taking a shower
  • Going outside (because you can die from a bee sting)
  • Going outside (because you can die from a lightning strike)
  • Going outside (because you can die of skin cancer from solar radiation)
  • Staying indoors (because you can die of lung cancer from closed contaminants such as radon and toxic mold)
  • Travel by car (or almost any other type of car)
  • Food (because you can die from food poisoning)
  • Do not eat (for obvious reasons!)
  • Lawn mowing
  • Using any product imported from China (just kidding … sort of)

Yes, I admit, this list is a bit careful. But each of these classes there is statistically more dangerous than operating an airline flight (except for the latter … perhaps). And the obvious point – many, many activities that you do regularly are much more dangerous than flying.

Airline travel is constantly becoming safer, but recent statistics show that about every 8 million flights of major American airlines there is 1 fatal crash. Otherwise, you will have to perform one flight a day, every day more 21,000 years before statistically likely to die in a plane crash.

Pretty good chance!

But it’s really not about numbers, is it?

If you are afraid to fly, does reading above help? I would argue no. All because the fears and phobias that we all fall victim to are very rarely justified by facts, figures and logic.

I happen to know someone who suffers from a phobic fear of snakes. But she has seen a snake in the wild, perhaps 3 or 4 times in her lifetime. And in each of these very rare cases you can be sure that the snake was much more frightened than she was, terrified and just dreamed of getting away from the scream as soon as possible, berserker. This man extreme the fear of snakes is illogical and unfounded, but it doesn’t matter. She feels what she feels.

And if you suffer from the fear of a flying phobia, I’m willing to guess that you’re not much different from my friend who’s afraid of snakes – except that on a plane own snake. You probably to know that your fear is unfounded and unjustified, but it doesn’t really change things, does it? It doesn’t change how you feel.

But if your fear of flying will affect your life, you need to know that you can change that. Lots of people. And it’s not just about studying facts, figures and statistics about flight. It’s not as banal and unrealistic as reading an article that talks about how safe a flight is, instantly destroying your fears.

It’s about capturing your fear at the roots and weeding them out one by one as you weed the garden. It’s about learning to change your feelings, not try to ignore them. That’s right how you can rid yourself of the fear of flying.


Flight Tracker – Real-time International airline flight broadcast in real time

Flight tracker track the flight by airline name and flight number, or by city and arrival / departure time. Based on radar data, pilot creates online views of the position of any incoming or outgoing flight. The flight tracker will show updates on flight arrivals, delay times and time remaining on the air flight route. Use real-time, international free, live airline tracker you can track all airline flights operated in the US, Europe, Asia and worldwide.

Flight Tracker is smart to return catalogs to set flights of appropriate measure by airline, departure and arrival site, and flight in order such as altitude, pace, slowness, arrival and departure terminals. However, altitude and pace information may only be available for flights to the US as well as the UK and Mexico. After departure will be selected, Flight tracker visualizes flight route information, evaluating surveying to most competently combine vacation and go to a site around the world. The software then uses Mercator’s exposure to display this line on the 2D map of the flight coach and evaluate the flight site.

A little recognized information about real time flight tracker: The flight tracker displays a small image of the plane in the shadow of the fall on the surveying lane. If elevation information is available, the counterweight of the shadow falling below the aircraft deteriorates relative to the current altitude. The result is that the flights that take off now, or the corridor immediately below the plane, are darkened, at the same time, when the flights in the middle air have a greater displacement, in the direction of which is the plane and the shadow.


History of the airport of the Republic

1. Aviation of Farmingdale origin:

Located in Farmingdale, Long Island, Republic Airport is a historically important airfield in the region and the world, playing both military and civilian roles. But long before it became an airfield, it spawned manufacturers who built airplanes.

“The Industrial Revolution and aircraft manufacturing came to Farmingdale during World War I, when Lawrence Sperry and Sydney Breeze established their pioneer factories in society,” write Ken Nobeck and Leroy E. Douglas in their book “Aircraft Manufacturing in Farmingdale”. , 2016, pp. 9). “They were attracted by the presence of two branches of the Long Island Railroad Line … adjacent Route 24, which brought traffic to and from the Bridge on Manhattan’s Fifty-ninth Street; the level of crossing the plain that provided land for flying fields; proximity to skilled; workers … “

However, the first aviation roots of the area were planted in 1917. The Lawrence Sperry aircraft company, founded that year with $ 50,000 in capital and located on Rose and Richard Streets in the village of Farmingdale, has released its first aircraft in the form of a Messenger.

Designed by Alfred Verville of the U.S. Army Engineering Division at McCook Fields, the 17.9-foot miniature biplane was intended for “air motorcycle” missions housed in small clearings to land and land messages from the commanders ’field, thus earning its name. Farmingdale’s aviation roots were equally cultivated by the Sydney Breeze, whose Breese aircraft company, located in East Parkway, designed the Penguin. Similar to the Bleriot XI aircraft, the mid-wing aircraft powered by a 28-hp Lawrence twin-cylinder engine was a non-flying, pre-flight trainer designed to help the U.S. Army pilot move from basic to operational types. Deployed on the open prairies of Texas, it had too short a wingspan to create a lift, but allowed the bird pilot to gain a sense of aerodynamic force before taking off on its horizontal tails. Of the 301 released only five were used for this purpose; the rest were placed in storage.

2. Fairchild Aviation Corporation:

When Lawrence Sperry and Sydney Breeze laid the aviation foundation of Farmingdale, Sherman M. Fairchild cemented it.

Initially fascinated by aerial photography equipment, he founded Fairchild Aerial Camera Corporation in 1920, selling two such devices to the military, and then deployed a company in Feldshire aviation photography to map, when he received a contract for an additional 20.

Seeking to replace many types of aircraft, he operated a single specially designed camera platform, Fairchild developed the necessary specifications for one, but could not find a manufacturer who could build it at a reasonable price. Forced to do so himself, he set up his third aviation company, Fairchild Aviation Corporation, and moved to the Sperry factory in South Farmingdale, liberated by the tragic death of Sperry founder in December 1923.

In a single-wing single-engine aircraft designed for the FC-1 and first flying in a prototype in 1926, the cockpit was fenced and heated to protect the pilot and his camera equipment, but its original OX-5 engine proved inadequate. Equipped with a Wright J-4 with more capacity and was converted to FC-1A.

The production version of the FC-2, supported by wheels, floats or skis, featured an increased cabin volume. Powered by a 200 hp Wright J-5, the aircraft, designed for commercial operations, moved 31 feet in total length and 44 feet. Seating one pilot and four passengers, or up to 820 pounds of cargo, it had 3,400 pounds of gross mass and could reach a top speed of 122 mph and control segments of 700 miles.

Demand at the South Farmingdale plant soon eclipsed capacity. After an airport survey of the region, Fairchild himself chose an alternative 77,967 acres on the south side of Route 24 and on Conklin Street in East Farmingdale, a site that offered predominant south shore winds and multiple land access via railroad line and main corridor. transportation of personnel and raw materials to the new field. Repacked in planes, the latter can then take off.

The 77,967-acre Fairchild Airfield was developed in the late winter and early spring of 1928 and was originally owned and operated by Fairchild Engine and Aircraft Company, according to the Long Island Airport Historical Society. ) took place in the late spring of 1928 after the Fairchild and Fairchild Jitter factories were completed and the aircraft manufactured (there). Fairchild built models of 41, 41A, 42, 21, 100, and 150 aircraft … “

The wings, similar to the Hampstead Plain in the west, re-emerged from the farm fields on Long Island, built, propelled and maintained by Fairchald’s aircraft plant, Fairchild engine and Fairchild Airfield after Faircam Realty, Inc., bought the land, and her the original layout was established on November 3, 1927.

Although Fairchild released several models at its new Long Island aviation center, its roots quickly proved insignificant. After moving with headquarters to Hagerstown, Maryland, in 1931, just three years later, he vacated his facilities, which were almost immediately occupied by the American Corporation, or AVCO, whose aircraft and engine divisions produced the Pilgrim 100 for American Airways. But the Depression, which captured too much of the economy, severely reduced demand for it, as aircraft purchases were high on the company’s cost-cutting list, and its presence was shorter than Fairchild’s. By mid-1932, he had disappeared equally.

3. Grumman Aviation Corporation:

Originally in Valley Stream, where she developed the floats, Grumman Aircraft Corporation moved further east, to Ferchald Flying Field and lived at the former Fulton truck factory, where it hatched its first FF-1 fighter. With a 750-horsepower single Wright engine, a biplane with a retractable chassis was also proposed in a scout configuration like the SF-1.

The most significant aircraft that emerged from the East Farmingdale production line was the Duck. Based on the XO2L-1 of the Loening Aeronautical Engineering Corporation, it was handed over to the U.S. Navy in 1931, but because Loning himself lacked the necessary funds to build it, he turned to Leroy Grumman, his former colleague, who re- presented it in a modified kind of. Adopted on April 25, 1933, the biplane, dubbed the XJF-1, powered a 700-hp Twin Wasp engine that operated a three-bladed Hamilton Standard propeller. His pull-up, which consisted of one set of fuselage struts and another of wires between the two wings, was minimal for his day. Water operations were supported by a centerline, a fuselage float into which the chassis was drawn.

A total of 632 JF and J2F Ducks were produced, which entered the global, role-playing service.

Although Grumman’s presence in Farmingdale surpassed that of anyone else, it ended a decade and a half later, in 1937, when he moved to a large headquarters in Betpag, Long Island.

4. Seversky Aviation Corporation:

The next Northern Aviation Corporation took center stage in Farmingdale when it moved there from Point College to Queens, which occupied the former factory of the American corporation.

Decorated as an ace of World War I, Alexander Pavlovich de Seversky, like Igor Sikorsky, immigrated to the United States from Russia, and in 1923 developed the first gyroscopically stabilized shelling in the company of Sperry gyroscopes before creating his own corporation, Seversky Airport, which focused on aviation instruments. and details.

It was originally contributed by fresh capital to the EDO aircraft float plant.

Its first major design, the SEV-3, was both aerodynamic and progressive, reflecting Seversky’s aviation-intuitive character. Powered by a single nose, a 420-hp J-6 Whirlwind missile, an all-metal low-wing aircraft containing the pilot and two passengers in sliding, tandem canopies, or supported by a wheel suspension. or floating, and in 1933 set a world speed record for reciprocating amphibians. Two years later, on September 15, it maintained a speed of 230 mph.

The foundation of many subsequent versions, which outwardly showed only minor changes compared to the main design, turned into the next major iteration – BT-8. As the first all-metal cockpit design operated by the U.S. Army Air Corps, it had a 24.4-foot length and a 36-foot wing span. Operating on a Pratt and Whitney R-985-11 with 400 hp, the 4,050-pound aircraft, which contained two, had a top speed of 175 km / m. Thirty were built. This led to the final version.

Originally occupying Hangar-2 on New Highway, and now used by the American Museum of Air Power, Seversky Aircraft Corporation took over the Grumman plant in 1937 when it moved to Betpage, thus supporting the two facilities. But, repeating a brief history of East Farmingdale airfield tenants, it ended abruptly: although Seversky, like many other aviation-minded “geniuses,” possessed the necessary design skills to build progressive aircraft, he lacked the necessary flip-side equation needed to develop and a lucrative business plan to market them, resulting in a loss of $ 550,000 by April 1939. During a European sales tour six months later, on October 13, he was ousted by his own board of directors who voted to deviate from the same company that he founded.

The Republican Aviation Corporation was reorganized and rebranded.

5. Republican Aviation Corporation:

The fortune of Fairchaid’s Flying Field was about to change. Engaged in World War II, the young Republican Aviation Corporation will explode in size, and its roots will become so deeply ingrained in Farmingdale’s soil that it would be decades before they could be found.

The Republican P-47 Thunderbolt became instrumental in this war.

Defeating the Seversky R-35, it was the result of the requirements of the Army Air Corps, which included an airspeed of 400 km / h, serving a ceiling height of 25,000 feet, at least six 50.5-caliber, machine guns, armor protection, self-sealing fuel tanks and a minimum fuel capacity of 315 gallons.

The Republic P-47 Thunderbolt, which drove all other aircraft, was the largest in the world, the heaviest single-engine strategic fighter of World War II, offering an unsurpassed dive speed.

The growth of the officially renamed “Republic Airport” led to the expansion of the existing factory on the south side of Conklin Street, as well as the construction of three additional buildings, the installation of a control tower and extension of existing runways, all in an effort to support production of P-47, which numbered 9 087 units in Farmingdale and required 24,000 manpower to execute them by 1944. Thousands of employees are filtered every day. The round-the-clock production line clapped from the planes every hour at the plant, and then they were transported by pilots of the Air Force of the Women’s Air Force. Republican aviation, one of the country’s major arterial defense arteries, pumped machines and vehicles into Farmingdale’s agricultural plains and turned them into an arsenal of democracy in 18 months.

“By 1945, the Republic had contributed more than 30 percent of the Army’s Air Force to military efforts against the Luftwaffe in the skies of Europe,” Leroy E. Douglas wrote in an article in The Conklin Street Intersection, published in the September 1984 issue of the Long Island Forum. 182). “So the Republic, the Ranger and 23,000 of its workers, more than half of whom were women, did their part to win the war.”

When the doors of the Great Patriotic War closed, so did the Thunderbolt factories, and the Republic was forced to diversify its product range in terms of destination and power plant, turning the military Douglas C-54 Skymasters into DC-4 commercial aircraft, producing 1,059 civilian amphibious aircraft Sea trying to design passenger transport on its own.

As a result, the Republic XF-12 Rainbow aircraft – along with a competitor and the Hughes XF-11 with the same power supply – both received a contract for two.

Imitating the graceful lines of the Lockheed Constellation, Rainbow, which has a total length of 93.9 feet and incorporates the design experience gained during the development of the Republic’s fighter jets, gave the look that was captured by Aviation Week and Space Technology magazine when it reported: “The sharp nose and cylindrical shape of the XF-12 cigar fulfills the designer’s dream of uncompromising design with aerodynamic considerations.”

Peace has proved the enemy plane. The end of World War II avoided her (and comparable Hugh XF-11) needs. However, due to its range, high speed and altitude, day and night, photo-reconnaissance capabilities with limited visibility, it was ideal as a platform to display territory. Indeed, on September 1, 1948, the second of the two aircraft built photographed its transcontinental flight route from the Air Force Flight Test Center to Moorek, California, to Mitchell Field in Garden City, Long Island, during Operation Bird’s Eye.

Returning to its military roots, the Republic entered an era of self-sufficiency with its successor the R-47 Thunder.

With a length of 37.5 feet, the design, conceived shortly before the end of the war in 1944, retained the straight wings associated with aircraft. They stretched to 36.5 feet.

First flown on February 28, 1946, the 19,689-pound fighter-bomber, designed by the F-84 Thunderjet and capable of climbing at a speed of 2,610 per minute, set a national speed record of 611 mph, running at 3,735 pounds J35-. GE-7. Its range was 1,282 miles, and its service ceiling was 40,750 feet. Its production was 4,455 units.

Development of its successor began in 1949. Due to a lack of funding from the Air Force, the Republic cut development costs while maintaining total, by 60 percent, using the F-84, but introduced wings. The aircraft, which runs at 4,200 pounds Allison XJ35-A-25 and was originally designed YF-96A, first took off on June 3 of the following year, three months before its renaming to F-84F Thunderstreak.

Korean funds increase the war, which allowed the republic to complete the second prototype, which first flew on February 14, 1951 with the YJ65-W-1 engine, followed by the first example of production, which rose to the sky on November 22, 2014. 1952. The type was deployed by countries NATO during the Cold War.

Production of the F-84F Thunderstreak numbered 2,713 aircraft.

However, Ken Nobeck and Leroy E. Douglas summed up the production of aircraft on the basis of the republic, stating in his book “Manufacture of aircraft in Farmingdale” (pp. 7-8). “While aviation began in Farmingdale with cloth-covered aircraft and biplanes and propulsion engines, after World War II the Republic helped move the U.S. into a jet age with the F-84 and F-84F, which assisted U.S. forces in Korea and NATO countries. 1950s “.

6. Federal Corporation Fairchild

Although Fairchild departed from the same airport he had established in 1931, the absence was short-lived. Appearing three years later, he lived at his former engine plant as the newly formed Ranger Aircraft and Engine Corporation and remained there until 1948. But the second time the story had to end in a complete cycle.

Nine years later by purchasing Hiller helicopters, he became Fairchild Hiller, and in July 1965 acquired most of the Republic’s stockpiles, bringing the Republican Aviation Division to Fairiller Hiller. So Fairchild returned to the soil in which he planted his first seeds. In 1971, he continued buying, purchasing Swearingen and producing and selling the 19-passenger Fairchild-Swearingen twin-seater turbovirus. The following year, the company adopted the official title of “Republic of Fairchild.”

Its basic design, conceived before the acquisition of the republic, was born of the Air Force’s requirement for a close-flying aircraft that includes simplicity, ease of maintenance, and short-field performance to operate small air bases close to combat. string.

Labeled the A-10 Thunderbolt II and receiving 733 production, it assisted in the Gulf War and during Operation Iraqi Freedom.

7. Post-war production:

Although the airport of the republic and its airlines were associated mainly with the design and manufacture of military aircraft, from its doors also appeared a variety of commercial and space components.

Напрыклад, да Boeing 747 былі, напрыклад, вядучыя рэйкі, задняя краёвая заслонка, спойлеры і элероны, пабудаваныя падраздзяленнем Рэспубліканскай авіяцыі Фэрчыльда Хіллера, у той час як было заключана таксама кантракт на выкананне аналагічнай ролі ў прапанаваным, але адмененым, звышгукавы авіялайнер 2707.

Не менш неад’емнай часткай касмічнага шатла былі кампаненты Рэспублікі Фэрчайд, вырабленыя ў Фармінгдейле.

29 сакавіка 1973 года, атрымаўшы кантракт Rockwell International з Лос-Анджэлеса на суму 13 мільёнаў долараў, Фэрчайльд Хілер распрацаваў і распрацаваў шэсць алюмініевых вертыкальных стабілізатараў хваста, якія праносілі 45-градусныя вядучыя краю і вымяралі 27 футаў у 22 футы ў даўжыню, у Hangar 17, разам з звязанымі з імі рулямі і хуткаснымі сіламі. Першы, усталяваны на выпрабавальным транспартным сродку Enterprise, спрыяў яго атмасфернаму запуску з платформы 747 пад кіраўніцтвам авіяцыйнай базы Эдвардса 18 лютага 1977 г., а астатнія былі ўстаноўлены на касмічных чоўнах Columbia, Challenger, Discovery, Atlantis і Endeavor.

25 студзеня 1980 г. Фэрхільд падпісаў пагадненне з Сааб-Сканіяй Швецыі аб пашырэнні ўдзелу пасажырскіх авіялайнераў, які пачаў займацца авіякампаніяй SF-340, што стала першым цалкам сумесным прадпрыемствам амерыканскага і еўрапейскага вытворцаў авіяцыі. У Рэспубліцы Fairchild было заключана праектаванне і будаўніцтва крылаў, гатункаў рухавіка, вертыкальных і гарызантальных хваставых паверхняў, канчатковая зборка якіх адбылася ў Швецыі.

Фэрчайлду Суарынгену была ўскладзена адказнасць за маркетынг у Паўночнай Амерыцы, у той час як сумесная шведская кампанія Saab-Fairchild HB заснавала офіс у Парыжы для выканання гэтай функцыі ў іншым месцы.

Пры дапамозе двухтурбавых турбавіторных рухавікоў самалёт змяшчаў 34 пасажыра ў чатырохпавярховай канфігурацыі з цэнтральным праходам.

Правёўшы каля 100 набораў крылаў, аднак, Fairchild спыніў кантрактную працу на рэгіянальным авіялайнеры, адступіўшы ад усіх грамадзянскіх праектаў, і самалёт быў перароблены на Saab 340.

8. Змена роляў:

31 сакавіка 1969 г. аэрапорт Рэспублікі перадаў уладальніку сталічнага транспарту (МТА), які працягваў пераўтвараць яго ў грамадскае карыстанне, набыўшы 94 ўрадавыя акры ад урада ЗША і набыўшы дадатковыя 115 прыватных належаць ім на поўдні і паўднёвым захадзе.

“Сталічнае транспартнае ведамства прыняло тытул у аэрапорце рэспублікі як першы крок у пераўтварэнні яго ў авіяцыю агульнага карыстання”, – паведамляе Гістарычнае таварыства аэрапорта Лонг-Айленд.

Пачаўшы праграму мадэрнізацыі, ён унёс некалькі ўдасканаленняў. Напрыклад, інтэнсіўныя лямпы былі ўсталяваны на 5,516-футнай узлётна-пасадачнай паласе 1-19 і 6 827-футнай узлётна-пасадачнай паласе 14-32, напрыклад, апошняя з якіх таксама была абсталявана прыборнай сістэмай прызямлення (ILS). Фабрыка грузавых аўтамабіляў “Фултон”, першапачатковая структура аэрапорта 1916 года, была зруйнавана, а Flightways ператварыў пляцоўку ў дзесяць акраў з паўночнай боку маршруту 109 у комплекс новых ангараў, адміністрацыйных будынкаў, бакаў для захоўвання паліва і самалётаў самалётаў. . Будынак адміністрацыі, тэрміналаў і тэхнічнага абслугоўвання падвойнага ўзроўню адкрыўся ў 1983 годзе, недалёка ад яго, і незадоўга да гэтага пачаўся этап працы 100-футовай, 2,2 мільёна долараў кантрольнай вежы FAA.

З мэтай садзейнічання эканамічнаму развіццю прылеглага рэгіёна 1 красавіка 1983 г. заканадаўчы штат Нью-Ёрк перадаў права ўласнасці на ўпраўленне Дзяржаўнага дэпартамента транспарту штата Нью-Ёрк (DOT), якое праінфармавала дзевяцічленны аэрапорт Рэспублікі. Камісія. Наўрад ці яна зменшыла тэмпы мадэрнізацыі.

Сапраўды, восем гадоў праз 3,5 мільёна долараў, 25 600 квадратных футаў Grumman Corporate Hangar, замяніўшы сховішчы самалётаў, якія раней падтрымліваліся ў яго зачыненым аэрадроме Bethpage, і ў ім размяшчаюцца Beechcraft King Air, Gulfstream I і два брытанскія аэракасмічныя BAe- 125-800-я гады, адкрыты.

У красавіку 1993 года зямля была разбіта на 3,3 мільёна долараў, 20 000 квадратных футаў SUNY Farmingdale, аэракасмічны адукацыйны цэнтр на ўсходняй частцы маршруту 110.

Даччыная кампанія “Air Air Support” (“Мільён эйр”) пабудавала на паўднёвым усходзе аэрапорта 11,700 квадратных футаў і фірмовы ангар, а да 2001 года кампанія “Air East” пачала працу ў сваім новым, прамяністым ацяпленні, 10 000- ангар з квадратнымі футамі, які таксама прадстаўляў краму ў 2500 квадратных футаў і офіс і школу палётаў 4500 квадратных футаў. Яшчэ адзін ангара-офісны комплекс, размешчаны ў раёне Ламберта, адкрыў свае дзверы ў чэрвені 2005 года, калі чартэрная кампанія Talon Air пачала сваю дзейнасць.

Для таго, каб забяспечыць павелічэнне клірансу, неабходны для бізнес-самалётаў апошняга пакалення, такіх як Gulfstream V і Bombardier Global Express, праезная дарога B (брава) была перамешчана.

Сапраўды, толькі з 2000 года было ўнесена больш як 18 мільёнаў долараў капіталу.

Гэтыя ўдасканаленні, якія забяспечваюць аэрапорту новую, агульную авіяцыйную ролю, магчыма, былі прадчуваннем будучага.

У 1982 годзе Рэспубліка Fairchild атрымала кантракт на будаўніцтва двух вучэбных самалётаў новага пакалення ВПС Т-46А; але этап, які першапачаткова разглядаўся як грашовая выратавальная схема, даваў толькі адваротны эфект: хаця прататып быў упершыню прадэманстраваны праз тры гады, яму не хапала каля 1200 дэталяў, і хаця другі здзейсніў паспяховы дзявочы палёт за 24 хвіліны ў ліпені з 1986 года кантракт на праграму, багатая палемікай, быў адменены, у выніку чаго былі звольнены 500 супрацоўнікаў.

Як і многія кампаніі, якія залежаць ад ваенных кантрактаў на выжыванне, Рэспубліка Fairchild без выбару спыніла сваё існаванне на наступны год, пакінуўшы свае прарастаючыя заводы і спадчыну, якая пачалася на шэсць дзесяцігоддзяў раней. Па іроніі лёсу, гэтыя два імёны, якія былі найбольш важныя для пачатку і росту аэрапорта – Фэрчыльд і Рэспубліка – былі тыя самыя, якія былі датычныя да ягонай гібелі. Такім чынам, дзверы галоўнага ўпраўлення па вытворчасці і выпрабаванні авіяцыйнага аэрадрома “Фармінгдейл” зачыніліся, а дзверы яго агульнай авіяцыі адчыніліся.

“У 1986-1987 гг. У Кангрэсе кампанія сутыкнулася з вялікімі фінансавымі праблемамі і са стратай падтрымкі праграмы T-46A, Fairchild спыніў вытворчасць SF-340 і T-46A пасля стварэння ўсяго чатырох самалётаў”, – заявіў Кен Нобек і Лерой Э. Дуглас у вытворчасці самалётаў у Фармінгдейле (стар. 99). “Такім чынам, да восені 1987 года семдзесят гадоў вытворчасці самалётаў у Фармінгдейле скончыліся заняткамі і эканамічнымі стратамі для супольнасці і сталіцы Нью-Ёрка”.

9. Авіякампанія:

У 1966 годзе, праз год пасля таго, як права ўласнасці на аэрапорт рэспублікі было перададзена ад Fairchild Hiller да карпарацыі Farmingdale, яна была афіцыйна прызначана агульным авіяцыйным (грамадзянскім) аб’ектам, які ажыццяўляла першую пасадку, двухмоторным букавым апаратам, якім кіравала паветраная служба Ramey з Islip, 7 снежня, каб ператварыць яго ў шлюз, палегчыўшы сувязь авіякампаніі ў трох асноўных аэрапортах Нью-Ёрка, сталічная транспартная адміністрацыя заключыла дагавор з Air Spur для прадастаўлення гэтай паслугі па падачы праз чатыры гады, ацаніўшы кошт аднаразовага кошту ў 12 даляраў.

Хоць Рэспубліка ніколі не разглядалася як буйны камерцыйны аэрапорт, яе цэнтральнае размяшчэнне на Лонг-Айлендзе, блізкасць да калідора маршруту 110 і значная інфраструктура стваралі для яе абмежаваныя, рэгулярныя і чартэрныя паслугі для ключавых напрамкаў бізнесу і адпачынку ў суседніх дзяржавах. Тым не менш, уласцівае ім аператыўнае абмежаванне было сцісла заяўлена ў Абнаўленні Генеральнага плана аэрапорта 2000 года.

“У аэрапорце рэспублікі,” растлумачылі (кіраўнік 3, стар 8), “Дэпартамент транспарту штата Нью-Ёрк у 1984 годзе ўвёў абмежаванне вагі самалёта ў 60 000 фунтаў стэрлінгаў. Гэта абмежаванне вагі абмяжоўвае эксплуатацыю самалётаў звыш 60 000 фунтаў фактычнага валавога вагі. без пісьмовай згоды аператара аэрапорта “.

“Прагнозы паказваюць, што ў аэрапорце рэспублікі будзе павялічвацца колькасць рэактыўных самалётаў”, – гаворыцца ў абнаўленні Генеральнага плана, “а таксама павелічэнне рэактыўных рэактыўных аперацый”, што ў канчатковым выніку даказана штогадовай статыстыкай эксплуатацыі чыстых рэактыўных самалётаў: 2792 у 1986 фінансавым годзе, 0556 у 1990, 4,976 у 1995 і 6,916 у 1998. І, з яго сярэдняй гадавой колькасці самалётаў на базе – каля 500, гэты сегмент таксама быў самым хуткарослым: 10 рэактыўных самалётаў у 1985, 15 у 1995, і 20 у 1998 годзе. З гэтага часу іх колькасць вырасла больш чым удвая.

Адна з першых запланаваных спроб авіякампаніі была зроблена ў 1978 годзе, калі кампанія Cosmopolitan Airlines, якая эксплуатуе экс-Finnair Convair CV-340 і два мітрапаліты Swissair CV-440 у адзінакласных, чатырохпавярховых, канфігурацыях, прапанавала “усё ўключана” дзень, запланаваны чартарныя пакеты ў Атлантык-Сіці з яго цэнтра Cosmopolitan Sky. Яе ўлётка параіла: “Лётайце ў Атлантык-Сіці толькі 19,95 долараў ЗША. Вось як гэта працуе: заплаціце $ 44,95 за білет у двухбаковы палёт у Атлантык-Сіці, уключаючы наземны транспарт да гатэля і казіно Claridge і да яго. Па прыбыцці ў Кларыдж вы атрымаеце крэдыты на прадукты і напоі ў памеры 20,00 долараў у любым рэстаране, акрамя лонданскага павільёна. Вы таксама атрымаеце крэдыт на палёт у памеры 5,00 долараў за наступны бой у авіякампаніі Cosmopolitan на Claridge “.

Перавозчык таксама коратка паспрабаваў прапанаваць два рэгулярныя рэйсы ў Бостан на сваёй пасажырскай CV-440s у 1980 годзе.

Садзейнічанне росту гэтага планаванага абслугоўвання стала будаўніцтва пасажырскага тэрмінала.

“Будынак тэрмінала, завершаны ў 1983 годзе, мае каля 50 000 квадратных футаў карыснай плошчы і размяшчае транспартныя сродкі ў аэрапорце, тэхнічнае абслугоўванне, супрацьпажарную абарону, памяшканне грамадскага тэрмінала і арэнду памяшканняў на першым паверсе, а таксама офісы адміністрацыі на другім паверсе. У будынку працуюць 70 супрацоўнікаў “, згодна з абнаўленнем Генеральнага плана аэрапорта 2000 года (раздзел 1, стар 17).

Спрабуючы ўсталяваць сувязь паміж Фармінгдейлам і буйным сталічным аэрапортам Нью-Ёрка Ньюарк Інтэрнэшнл, каб забяспечыць яго адпраўленне, авіякампанія правінцыі горада Бостан, Правінцыяун, пачала трансфер з прыгарадным самалётам Cessna C-402, які злучаў Лонг-Айленд пры дапамозе 30-хвіліннай авіяцыі скакаць з да пяці штодзённых туды і з каардынацыяй раскладаў з авіякампаніямі PEOPLExpress. Ён рэкламаваў пазбяганне празмерных часоў праезду, выдаткаў на паркоўку і больш працяглыя патрабаванні да рэгістрацыі, якія ў адваротным выпадку звязаны з большым выкарыстаннем аэрапорта, і прапанаваў зручнасць правядзення тарыфаў, афармлення білетаў і багажу ў любым канчатковым пункце PEOPLExpress.

Згодна з раскладам Паўночнай сістэмы на 20 чэрвеня 1986 года, ён прапанаваў вылеты ў Фармінгдейл у 0700, 0950, 1200, 1445 і 1755 гг.

Попыт неўзабаве запатрабаваў замены C-402 на большую, 19-сядзенную Embraer EMB-110 Bandeirante.

Усе гэтыя кароткія, няўдалыя планавыя спробы, якія зводзяць на сябе неабгрунтаваную занепакоенасць мясцовых жыхароў, што Рэспубліка ў канчатковым выніку ператварыцца ў буйны камерцыйны аэрапорт і нанесці свой шум бліжэйшым вушам, не змогуць прыцягнуць неабходны трафік, каб зрабіць іх самастойнымі, падкрэсліваючы некалькі фактараў, звязаных з аэрапортам.

1). На працягу апошняй часткі сваёй рэспублікі паслядоўна асацыявалася з агульнымі, а не планавымі аперацыямі.

2). Мак-Артур Лонг-Айленд ужо зарэкамендаваў сябе як прынцыповы камерцыйны аб’ект на востраве, і перавозчыкі, як паказала Precision / Northwest Airlink, не атрымалі ніякіх пераваг прыбытку, разводзячы той жа рынак, але пры гэтым павялічваючы аэрапорт і эксплуатацыйныя выдаткі.

“Рэспубліканскі аэрапорт аказваў абслугоўванне рознымі авіякампаніямі, і кожная з іх спыніла сваю працу”, – гаворыцца ў абнаўленні Генеральнага плана аэрапорта 2000 года. “Тэрыторыя камунальных паслуг у геаграфічным плане абмежаваная, улічваючы вялікія аэрапорты, такія як Ла-Гвардыя, Кенэдзі і Макартур, і паслугі, якія яны прапануюць”.

“З 1969 года аэрапорт Рэспублікі задавальняў патрэбу рэгіёну ў аэрапорце, прысвечаным прыватным і дзелавым самалётам, а таксама на чартэрных і прыгарадных перавозках”, – гаварылася таксама ў ім (раздзел 1, стар. 1). “Паколькі Рэспубліка размяшчаецца пасярод жылых, гандлёвых і прамысловых распрацовак, яе роля адпавядае ролі запланаванага аэрапорта авіяперавозчыка для камерцыйнага рэактыўнага транспарту”.

З нязменным узрастаннем колькасці пасажыраў – з 13 488 у 1985 годзе і 30 654 у 1990 годзе да 33 854 у 1995 годзе – яе будучая пасажырская роля не можа быць цалкам выключана.

“У той час як мінулыя намаганні прыгарадных авіякампаній не мелі поспеху, патэнцыял для будучага абслугоўвання існуе і яго трэба ўлічваць пры планаванні аэрапорта”, – сказаў ён на заканчэнне (кіраўнік 2, стар 10).

10. Будучыня:

У адрозненне ад палёў Рузвельта і Глена Керціса, якія паддаліся ціску сучаснай эпохі і памянялі свае ўзлётна-пасадачныя паласы пад гандлёвыя цэнтры, Рэспубліка 526 акраў здала невялікую частку сябе ў гандлёвы цэнтр Airport Plaza. Інструментальны ў раннім развіцці авіяцыі, а таксама ў Карэйскай, В’етнамскай, Заліўскай і Іракскай войнах, ён ператварыўся ў агульную авіяцыйную ўстанову, дасягнуўшы самалётаў на базе 546 і стаў трэцім па велічыні аэрапортам Нью-Ёрка па аб’ёмах руху пасля JFK International і La Guardia.

Сам заходні авіяцыйны аб’ект Лонг-Айленда, які прадстаўляе сябе “карпаратыўным аэрадромам эканомікі XXI стагоддзя”, складае 1370 працоўных месцаў і 139,6 млн. Даляраў эканамічнай актыўнасці, падтрымліваючы 60 прадпрыемстваў у аэрапорце. The 110,974 movements recorded in 2008 encompassed 52 by non-rigid airships, 7,120 by rotary wing, 76,236 by single-engine pistons, 6,310 by twin-engine pistons, 5,028 by turboprops, and 16,228 by pure-jets. The latter, its second-highest total, emphasizes its increasing role as the “Teterboro of Long Island,” perhaps pointing the way to its future. Indeed, companies considering the area for their corporate locations cite the airport as a major asset, since it provides close-proximity aerial access for personnel and materials.

Toward that end, the State of New York approved funding in April of 2009 for a Vision Planning process to collect data from residents, employees, businesses, and users, and then plot its future course. Specifically, the program had a three-fold purpose-namely, to define the airport’s role, to determine how it will fill that role, and, finally, to ascertain how it will work with the community to attain the desired operational and economic goals.

“As part of the National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems (NPIAS), Republic Airport is designated as a reliever airport with commercial service,” according to the 2000 Republic Airport Master Plan Update (Chapter 1, p. 1). “Under ownership by the New York State Department of Transportation, there are specific state development and policy procedures which are followed.”

Although it may never eclipse its current general aviation role, its importance was not to be underestimated.

“”Republic Airport is an important regional asset,” it stated (Chapter 1, p. 1). “It provides significant transportation and economic benefits to both Suffolk and Nassau counties. The policy of the New York State Department of Transportation and the Republic Airport Commission shall be that Republic Airport continue to better serve Long Island.”

Whatever the future holds for it, it has a nine-decade foundation upon which to base it, as acknowledged by the plaque hung in the passenger terminal by the Long Island-Republic Airport Historical Society, “honor(ing) the tens of thousands of men and women who labored here in East Farmingdale, contributing significantly to aviation technology and aircraft production.” Those men and woman turned the wheels of the 11 aviation companies based there.


Long Island Republic Airport Historical Society website.

Neubeck, Ken, and Douglas, Leroy E. Airplane Manufacturing in Farmingdale. Charleston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing, 2016.

2000 Republic Airport Master Plan Update, New York State Department of Transportation.


Casway is a giant and chairman of Ireland

The Giant’s Causeway, located on the north coast of Northern Ireland, is Ireland’s only World Heritage Site. It has one of the most beautiful rock formations, consisting of 37,000 dark hexagonal columns that stand beneath the gray rocks of northern Antrim. The Causeway Giant consists of the Lesser Causeway, the Middle Causeway and the Grand Causeway. Interestingly, looking down from the sky, the shape of the Grand Casway resembles a lizard’s tail.

According to legend, these hexagonal rocks were actually housed by a giant named Finn McCool. He placed the rocks there, forming a bridge that spans the sea and reaches the island of Steffla in Scotland. There are similar columns in Scotland. This bridge served as a path for a beloved woman who was on Staff Island. He provided her with this path to get to him without wetting her feet. The giant, Finn McCool, really showed a deep love for this woman by building this bridge so she could get to it with ease, comfort and convenience. At the edge of the Middle River, there is a rocky seat known as the Wish Chair. It was said that this chair was made for giant Finn McCool when he was a child. According to the legend, all the wishes expressed by all comers at the Department of Wishes will come true. Perhaps the giant wished he could one day build a ridge, and his wish came true!

Geologists, however, have come up with some explanations for the existence of these amazing rock formations. According to them, these formations were created about 60 million years ago due to massive volcanic eruptions. The layer of toleitic basalt lava cools down quickly, which leads to the splitting of rocks into polygonal shapes. At the end of the ice age, about 15,000 years ago, seawater washed away the shore, thus today forming the Causeway giant.

How incredible rock formations actually arise remains a mystery. However, Casway the Giant is too weird to miss. With an intriguing legend and amazing rock formations, it has become a magical place worth visiting. If you want to travel on vacation and expect beautiful landscapes and mysterious places, you can think about visiting this legendary place and discover a miracle. Why not bring a loved one to the Giant’s Causeway and confess your love along the way? It would have been a meaningful gesture, as it was said that the bridge arose out of a man’s deep love for his woman. Wouldn’t it also be romantic to walk on this “love affair” with your loved one? It will definitely excite and affect a loved one. Apart from the opportunity to share the wonderful experience of discovering the wonders of this place with your loved one, you can also spend a romantic time together. It would be a long-term experience for both of you.

If you go to Casway Giant, it would be great to visit the Wish Cathedral as well and make a wish there. Remember, a giant might wish to build a giant cassowary, and it was born. So, don’t be surprised if your wish really comes true! For more travel information you can contact Travel Europe.


Why should you pursue a career as a pilot?

There are various ways in which you can make a career in aviation. One of the most popular options is to become a commercial pilot. However, there are many students who have received their certificates as commercial pilots but still choose to try flight courses. There are many reasons why a pilot may choose an instructor instead, and they include:


This is one of the reasons why someone may choose this path. Being a commercial pilot is desirable, but most airlines need a person with a lot of experience before considering hiring. If you are an international student, then a flight instructor will give you the opportunity to gain some experience to achieve the ultimate goal of becoming a pilot.

Some independence

When you become an instructor, you have several options. You can work in an institution or you can create your own flight program. This is a good option if you need some level of independence. There is a good chance that the business will thrive and become successful.

For the love of teaching

Training brings great rewards, especially if you are passionate about it. This is one of the things that instructors like the most. The chance to pass on knowledge is one of the best things. When you see a student fasten the basics and then take them off, it’s exciting. It is a pleasure to be responsible for someone else’s education.


If you love a challenge, then this is definitely a career path that should be pursued. The certificate is not easy and you will need a lot of work. Most people in the industry love problems. As an instructor, you will require that you be vigilant and pay close attention. There is never a sad moment.


Today there is a great demand for flight instructors and this can last for many years. It seems that the business of airlines is expanding every day, and it is for this reason that many governments are passing new laws that govern them. Due to the expansion there is a greater need for pilots and teachers. Being a qualified instructor will definitely give you a high chance of getting a job.


Being a flight comes with its own credibility. When people find out what you earn for a living, they will definitely want to know more about your job. This is done with great respect by society. This may not be the main reason to become an instructor, but it is definitely worth mentioning.

Communicating with people

As an instructor, you get the opportunity to meet people. The people you meet in your career have a lot in common with you. This is because you all love flying. This will provide an opportunity to communicate with domestic and international students, learn more about the flight. This is your chance to positively impact the future of people in the aviation industry.


Cheap Vacations: A Guide to Available Travel Packages and How to Find Them

Travel plans are not as complicated as before. On the Internet there are many useful sites and tools that make hotel reservations, airline tickets and car rentals simple processes. Finding cheap holiday relaxations is simple and easy. You can view packages that have already been collected, or customize your own by choosing from a wide variety of flights and hotels. It is usually possible to include car rental in the kit.

To get a good deal, use only a reliable and reliable travel website. Navigation and search functions should be easy to use. You should be able to simply enter the dates you plan to travel, the local airport and the destination city. When searching, it should be possible to search only for airline tickets, airline tickets + hotel and airline tickets + hotel + car rental.

Of course, you can always check the packages that are already included if you don’t have specific plans. For example, last minutes, for example, often include a return route and 2 – 5 nights in a budget hotel. If you are looking for a cruise, there are usually last minute deals that also offer ship lines.

While some cheap holiday packages only include airfare, room and food or two, there are still some that have benefits such as access to the resort and tickets to nearby attractions. Read the package carefully to find out what it includes. Don’t spend money on a package that offers a lot of things that you most likely won’t need.

The cost of cheap relaxations

Where exactly can you go? What destinations do the cheapest vacations offer? It depends on factors such as time of year, regardless of the tourist season in the region, weather, airlines, market fluctuations and so on. When searching for “cheap travel packages” or anything like that, most countries in the Caribbean and Mexican regions are usually the most popular, followed by Vegas, Florida, California and Hawaii. Yes, sometimes it is even possible to find budget housing and a discount in Hawaii!

If you have not yet decided on a specific destination, find packages focused on a topic of interest to you, such as a golf package, beach holidays, outdoor adventures, spa holidays and vacations, ski resorts, etc. recommendations for affordable travel that you are sure to enjoy.

Wherever you want to go, or whatever you want to do, start looking for cheap holiday kits today. Keep in mind that the listed prices are usually per person.

Is there a coupon code online? If not, it’s time to take it. This is the best way to make deals on cheap relaxations. Use the site to view all current offers or search for airline tickets, hotels, car rentals, cruises and more.


Kisses of the Blarney Stone

Blarney Castle with its closed towers and ruined towers, located 5 miles north of Cork, Ireland, is the most visited castle. This castle was established in 1446 by Dermot McCarthy, who at the time was the local ruler. Apart from the grandeur of this castle, which sits in a merciful park area, the focal point of the castle is the legendary Blarney Stone. Many people from all over the world flock to see this legendary stone. Legend has it that kissing this stone, this gesture imparts magical eloquence.

Blarney’s stone is located in the wall below the castle. To get to the stone, you need to climb 127 steps to the top of the restraint. Kissing a stone is not easy. In order to kiss the stone, your hands have to grab the vertical iron guides and someone has to hold your legs. You will be suspended back under the parapet. In such an awkward position you can kiss the stone. Although kissing a stone is not easy, many people flocked to this place to do so to try its effectiveness.

The tradition is said to have originated from the commentary of Queen Elizabeth I of England. Lord Dermot McCarthy tried to overcome it with his incessant chatter and verbosity to prevent her from occupying his estate. The queen is said to have despaired and made a comment that is believed to have started a tradition. The word “blarney” means a conversation about kaolin or flattery.

Today the castle is little other than storage. Its design and style is typical of a 15th century tower house. The tower is a small castles or fortified residences built between the 15th and 17th centuries. You can enjoy walks around the castle and see yew trees and limestone rock formations.

You can have a drink or go shopping in the village, which is close to the castle. The village has a number of craft shops and several pubs. You can also visit the Blarney woolen factories, which sell quality clothes and souvenirs.

Blarney Castle is a really great place to visit. If you want to travel on vacation and expect some adventures and hobbies, you can think about visiting Blarney Castle. If you’re there, maybe you’ll want to kiss the Blarney Stone and prove its effectiveness? More information can be found on the Cheap Flights website.


5 tips to get the cheapest last minute flights

Whether it’s an individual or corporate traveler, in these tough economic times everyone is trying to save money if they can and get the cheapest last minute flights for their trip.

If you definitely need to book last minute flights, here are 5 great tips to help you find cheap last minute flights.

1. Try to book flights as early as possible. Try to plan your trip so you don’t have to book flights at the last minute. Many times people have to book their flights at the last minute because they postpone and postpone flight bookings.

If you can, book your ticket at least two to three months before the departure date. If you can purchase air tickets much earlier, you have the option to get the lowest ticket prices.

If you cannot book two to three months before the departure date, then at least try to book flights within two to three weeks from the departure date. Don’t wait until the week of departure dates to try to book flights.

If you wait until the last week to book flights, ticket prices will be very expensive and chances are high that seats can be sold out.

2. Search for flight offers and discounts on the websites of all major airlines flying to your destinations. Making a ticket deal is not easy, but if you have the patience and take the time to search all the websites for all the airlines, you can just find a large amount for your route.

3. See cheap last minute flights on all major online travel booking sites. These sites have access to millions of discounted flights, and they don’t always have access to the same flights and prices. Or another online travel site may have an instant discount on en route flights.

4. Do all the research on cheap last minute flights in one day, and be prepared to book your tickets if you find a great deal. If you find a lot, do not delay and do not continue to book flights …

Prices are subject to change and increase at any time. Ticket prices are constantly changing. You can find flights and prices that you like, and often if you don’t book flights right now, you can lose seats or agreements because tickets can be purchased by someone else.

Make no mistake in thinking that if you find a great price for cheap flights for your trip, you can wait a couple of hours or days to decide to buy them at that price. If you need to book flights, do not gamble on the opportunity to purchase tickets later.

Check all your research on all sites on the same day and book flights on the same day as soon as you can.

5. Make sure that if you are looking for flights, you have a credit card or debit card that has enough funds so you can pay for the tickets when you find the cheapest last minute flights for your trip.

Too often people waste time looking for cheap flights, and then when they finally find a large number of flights, they try to pay for the flights only after learning that their credit card has exceeded the limit, or their debit card does not have enough funds to cover ticket payments.

By the time they deal with payment issues and are ready to finally make the payment, they will find out that their seat is now sold out and / or that cheap ticket prices have gone up.

The key point is that if you want to book cheap last minute flights for personal travel such as last minute flights to Florida or last minute flights to Las Vegas, you should be prepared to make a payment if you find a great . deal on cheap flights. Otherwise there is a good chance that you risk losing a place or a discounted price.


Calculating the cost of owning an aircraft

For many years, calculating the cost of owning an aircraft is one of the most frequently asked questions. There are many different cost factors that go into owning an aircraft. The purchase price is only one part of the total cost of the cake owned by the aircraft. Other parts include taxes, hangars or cost reductions, fuel, oil, insurance, ramp fees, engine stocks, regular maintenance, inspection items and subscriptions. The following article will help you determine what costs are associated with owning an aircraft and how to properly plan your finances. Keep in mind that the following article offers an overall estimate of how to calculate the cost of owning most reciprocating aircraft.

We will first divide the total cost of ownership into two sections; the first section will be an indirect cost and the second section a direct cost.

Indirect costs

Indirect costs are costs that you pay regardless of whether the plane is flying or not. These costs include the cost of purchasing the aircraft (or monthly payments), insurance, inclusion fee or hangar, subscription fees, taxes and tax breaks.

Let’s start with the first indirect value I mentioned, the purchase price, or the cost of capital. This is one of the simplest calculations. If you are financing the aircraft, get a bank quote about the required down payment and interest rate. Currently, tariffs are around 6% with a minimum of 15% reduction and 20-year funding. For example, if you reduced the new DA40XLS by 20% to $ 350,000, your monthly payment will be $ 20,000 per month for 20 years.

To calculate insurance premiums, call your insurance agent and get an offer for the aircraft you are considering purchasing, tailored to your level.

Honorary fees and ties are your own. Call the airport or FBO where you want to base your plane and ask what options are available. There are usually about four options: tether (leaving your plane outside in the elements), cover (the plane is outside in the elements but has a shade of coverage), a general hangar (the plane is constantly moving in a large hangar that separates several other planes) and finally an individual or T hangar. Many airports have little space for a hangar, so don’t be surprised if you find yourself on a waiting list. Prices for Hangar vary depending on your location. My hangar in Concord, North Korea, costs a little north of $ 300 a month, while the same hangar in Fort Lauderdale will cost well over $ 1,000 a month. If you keep the plane outside, make sure it at least covered it. It will protect the interior and avionics. Also, keep in mind that some insurance companies will lower your premium if you are able to hang your plane rather than keep it from falling.

Subscription services may not apply to you. If you own a J-3 baby, you can move on to the next item. Virtually all aircraft manufactured in the early 1990s have IGF GPS. If you have an IFR GPS, you will need to subscribe to a monthly update so that your database is legal to navigate exclusively by GPS and take GPS approaches. If you have weather on XM, you’ll pay about $ 30 a month for a basic subscription or $ 50 a month for a full package. The wind feature on the full package is more than worth the extra cost. XM radio is optional. If you own a plane with a glass panel, you can choose Garmin safe taxi cards and / or approach services. Visit for cost information. Jeppesen also offers suitable plates for glass aircraft cabins. This service requires an initial installation cost and a higher monthly payment compared to Garmin plate services.

Unfortunately, taxes do not disappear from aircraft, except for corporations that are exempt from taxes (for more information, see an aviation tax consultant). Taxes vary from state to state. In Florida, it’s 6% of the purchase price. In North Carolina, this is the only tax of $ 1,500. However, North Carolina levies a property tax that depends on the county and city. Where I live in North Carolina, the plane’s real estate tax rate is about 63 cents per $ 100, and my city tax is 42 cents per $ 100. If you use an aircraft for business, you may be able to depreciate the use and cost of the aircraft, which benefits your estimated cost of ownership. Please consult a tax aviation specialist to determine your individual situation.

Direct operating costs

Calculating direct operating costs is a bit trickier. There are different ways to calculate what each hour of flight will cost. My method is just one method, but it works. Here you need to determine how many hours you plan to fly per year to set an annual base budget.

Let’s start with the basics. Most reciprocating engines will require an oil change every 50 hours. Depending on where you live, a regular oil change will cost $ 150 to $ 300. Call a local machine operator in the field and find out what he is charging. If you plan to fly 100 hours a year, the math is simple.

Fuel consumption varies by aircraft. You can usually go to the manufacturer’s website or contact the POH to get a cruise fuel. If you fly an aircraft with a worn out engine, consider that published fuel combustion is the best case scenario (which is often not the case). Find out how much augos cost at your local airport, and do some math. Keep in mind, gas prices are changing

Stocks of engines and propellers are taken into account in the equation, even if you own little time or a new aircraft that you plan to sell long before the overhaul. Normally you can get an offer from your local FAA engine repair station for an engine overhaul or for a factory-installed engine. Take this price and divide it by the hours left before TBO and you will get an idea of ​​how much you need to set aside each hour. If you plan to buy twins, double the cost of fuel, engine and propeller.

Scheduled maintenance is another cost to plan. Every year your plane will come for inspection. Again, prices will vary depending on where you do the review. Store prices in South Florida average $ 95 / hour, while in North Carolina they are around $ 70 / hour. Call a service center familiar with your aircraft and see what they charge for a regular annual inspection. Keep in mind that the price they quote you does not include subcutaneous viewing items, suitability instructions, newsletters, or replacement adjustment items. This is an additional cost. If your plane is still under warranty, then don’t expect any repair bills if you lift the plane. A safe rate for budgeting additional aircraft costs outside the warranty is to double the cost of the annual inspection fee; this budgeting will cover almost all the unexpected surprises that can happen during the year. You can also consider a reserve for upgrading paint, interior and avionics, and in this case you will want to remove a little extra.

Finally, you will need to determine what the cost of your aircraft will be when and when it comes time to sell it. Usually aircraft stop depreciating after 5 years. As with machines, their depreciation varies. Companies like Vref and Aircraft Bluebook offer retail and trade prices.